Most of the accounts of benefits of "economic reforms" and globalization (or whatever is practiced as "globalization" nowadays - a term gaining currency to make this distinction, is "new-liberal globalisation") are of two kinds:
Many "feel-good", "globalization-shining" books and articles, which blur the boundary between travelogue and serious social study - ranging from Gurucharan Das' India Unbound to the recent bestseller, The World is Flat by Thomas Milton - also fall into this category of euologies to globalization.
To my knowledge, there is at least one substantive study The Scorecard on Globalization 1980-2000: Twenty Years of Diminished Progress, conducted by Centre for Economic and Policy Research, which shows that the social - in fact, even economic - impact of globalisation and economic reforms is harmful to society.
The complete study is available at:
In the general, the findings show that
The following are excerpts from the report, and some accompanying graphs:
"This paper looks at the major economic and social indicators for all countries for which data are available, and compares the last 20 years of globalization (1980-2000) with the previous 20 years (1960-1980). These indicators include: the growth of income per person, life expectancy, mortality among infants, children, and adults, literacy, and education.
For economic growth and almost all of the other indicators, the last 20 years have shown a very clear decline in progress as compared with the previous two decades. For each indicator, countries were divided into five roughly equal groups, according to what level the countries had achieved by the start of the period (1960 or 1980). Among the findings: